The Role of 3D Printing Technology in the Restoration of Ancient Relics
With the development and innovation of science and technology, 3D printing as a digital rapid prototyping technology has been widely used in various industries. Especially in the restoration or reconstruction of ancient relics, many museums and cultural relics restoration workers began to use 3D scanning technology and 3D printing, which not only restored the cultural relics, but also let the ancient culture be inherited.
Ancient cultural relics are also one of the most beautiful rewards of history. However, with the acceleration of urbanization and the influence of natural disasters or human factors, more and more ancient relics are facing the fate of disappearing and being savagely repaired, which is not only a blasphemy of traditional culture, but also a hindrance to the research and inheritance of traditional culture. However, with the development of 3D printing technology and 3D scanning technology, it is possible to establish "cultural relics data archives" in digital form.
Pottery for 3D printing
3D printing technology has very practical value in the restoration or reconstruction of traditional cultural relics. Based on the concept of digitalization, 3D printing technology can transform ancient architectural relics into 3D digital model files for preservation, providing data support for future restoration or reconstruction. At present, chuangxiang 3D has launched a series of 3D printers, which can accurately print various cultural relic models and provide assistance for cultural relic protection.
In the case of church reproduction, it usually takes three steps to copy an antique:
(1) 3D scanning of cultural relics can obtain accurate and high-precision 3D data.
(2) The modeling of 3D software is the efficient processing of 3D data.
(3) 3D printing molding, that is, printing models with 3D printers.
(The Notre Dame of Paris printed by the Creality3D light curing 3D printer)
Compared with the traditional manual mold repair, 3D printing cultural relic model provides accurate reference for cultural relic repair or reconstruction, at the same time, it also reduces the secondary damage caused by high-frequency touching cultural relic, restores the cultural relic art value to the maximum extent, so as to avoid the erasure of human historical memory.
Although the recovered cultural relics and ancient buildings can not completely replace the destroyed cultural relics and ancient buildings, it is undeniable that 3D printing recovery technology will become an indispensable technical support in archaeology, Cultural Relic Appreciation and other fields. With the maturity of 3D printing technology, combined with the use of computer technology to realize the establishment and information storage of digital models of cultural relics and archaeological sites, and then to manage and apply the digital models, we predict that 3D printing technology will have a broader research and application prospect in the field of cultural relics restoration.